Glossary

Asymptomatic

Exhibiting no symptoms.

Azoospermia

The complete absence of sperm in the ejaculate.

Bacteria

Single-celled living organisms, some of which can trigger infections in the reproductive system.

Basal Body Temperature (BBT)

The lowest body temperature during the day (usually early morning). For a woman, the BBT has a pattern of being lower than normal prior to ovulation and higher than normal after ovulation.

Biopsy

A small sample of body tissue removed for microscopic examination.

Blastocyst transfer

A recent advance in infertility treatment, in which embryos develop for 4 or 5 days (until they reach blastocyst stage), rather than the usual 2 or 3 days in IVF.

Calendar Method (Rhythm Method)

A traditional method of natural family planning. The fertile phase of the menstrual cycle is determined by calculating the length of at least six previous menstrual cycles. The beginning of the fertile phase is determined by subtracting 18 to 20 from the length of the shortest menstrual cycle. The end of the fertile phase is determined by subtracting 10 or 11 from the longest menstrual cycle. When used alone, the calendar method may be unreliable, especially for women with irregular menstrual cycles, and may be overly restrictive for some couples.

Capacitation

The process of preparing sperm by artificial means so that their chances of fertilizing an egg are enhanced.

Cervical Crypts

Pockets in the cervical canal that contain mucus-producing cells and store sperm.

“I was 5 months pregnant when I disvocer about Elastin 3 in my prenatal check up. I always has stretchmarks…”

~Sheila Swenson